# Z~i[Eʍu

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2009N 318ijj 10:30|14:20
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## wʍuS Graduate Course in Physics, Special Lecture 4

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"English Scientific Writing"
Dr. Glenn C. Paquette
(Paquette Research, USA)

-----------------------------------------------------------------
Dates and Time (2008)
Homework for enrollment: due on September 16 (Tue.).
Lectures (all at 16:30-18:00):
Oct. 3 (Fri.), Oct. 6 (Mon.), Oct. 9 (Thu.), Oct. 10 (Fri.)
Oct. 20 (Mon), Oct. 27 (Mon.), Oct. 30 (Thu.), Oct. 31 (Fri.)
Interviews: Oct. 7 (Tue.) and 29 (Wed.)

Place: 4th Lecture Hall (Room 5-525, 5F), Department of Physics

Course Enrollment:
Course credit (CP) of two units will be given to master-course students who
complete this class. Doctor-course students and researchers are also welcome to attend.
Those who wish to enroll in the course must complete and turn in the following homework,
which will be used to select students in the case that the number of applicants exceeds
the class limit.

Homework for enrollmentiCo^Cmے@pj:
Write (in English) a 1--2-page essay on one of the following:

3. Existing work in a field in which you are interested.
The essay should be written for an expert audience and provide as thorough and detailed
an understanding as possible. Even if it is not original work, it should be written
in the form of a paper for publication, as if it were original work. This homework is
due on September 16 (Tue.), 2008. E-mail it to me (GCPaquette(at)cs.com) and Prof. Maeno
(maeno(at)scphys.kyoto-u.ac.jp) as an attachment in pdf and tex formats.

ContactFOxP Y. Maeno (Ext: 3783, maeno(at)scphys.kyoto-u.ac.jpj

## Z~i[

##### GCOEZ~i[
title
Crystalline ion beams and the ordered state of ions
author
Professor Alexander SmirnoviJoint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna, Russia)
date
2009N210i΁j10:3012:30
place
wECI@2K
abstract
The idea of crystalline beam has a large interest now. The achievement of the very low temperature in the beam rest frame gives new possibilities in the accelerator physics. The ordered state of circulating ion beams was observed on a few storage rings in the world. The ordered state of the proton beam was observed at S-LSR storage ring (Kyoto University). Theoretical and numerical investigations were done for the formulation of necessary conditions for the achievement of the ordered state. Up to now the 2D and 3D crystalline beams were not observed in real storage rings. One of the research subjects of S-LSR is a test bench to produce crystalline beams of Mg ions under the action of the laser cooling. The S-LSR lattice structure was especially elaborated for the formation of 3D crystalline beams.
contact
ćiAkira NodaAnoda@kyticr.kuicr.kyoto-u.ac.jpEԍ17iFj3281j
note

##### GCOEEÃZ~i[
title
Variational calculation of the K-pp system with chiral
author
Akinobu Doté@y L @(IPNS, KEK@GlM[팤@\ fqqj)
date
2009N128ijߌ4|6
place
sw bw Ec K206
abstract
Kaonic nuclei (nuclear systems with a strongly bound anti-kaon) have recently become a hot topic in hadron and nuclear physics when it was suggested, using a simple phenomenological KbarN potential model [1], that they might exist as deeply bound states with small width. However, experiments performed in search for such states [2] have so far been inconclusive. An important prototype system for such investigations is K-pp, the simplest Kbar-nuclear cluster. Recently this system has been studied using Faddeev [3] and variational [4] approaches with KbarN interactions constrained by phenomenology and properties of the (1405).
In this seminar, first, some brief introduction on kaonic nuclei will be given. Then, we present an improved variational calculation [5] of the K-pp system with realistic interactions as input:
Ethe Argonne v18 potential with its strongly repulsive short-range core as a realistic NN potential reproducing NN scattering and deuteron data;
Ean updated effective KbarN interaction based on chiral SU(3) coupled-channel dynamics [6] which reproduces scattering data in the S=-1 meson-baryon sector and dynamically generates the (1405) as an I=0 KbarN quasibound state embedded in the resonant ΃ continuum. This interaction is translated into the form of an equivalent single-channel, complex and energy dependent KbarN potential.
In addition, we will show other effects not included in the above calculation: 1. dispersive correction, 2. p-wave KbarN interaction, and 3. two-nucleon absorption. Taking all of these effects into account, the K-pp system turns out to be shallowly bound with large decay width: B(K-pp) = 20 - 40 MeV and _total = 55 - 120 MeV.
Our calculation shows that the K-pp system is rather weakly bound, comparing to the previous calculations [3,4]. I'll explain the reasons of such a difference between our results and previous ones. If I have a time, I'd like to give some comments and discuss on the very recent experimental result [7] which seems to indicate the existence of deeply bound K-pp system.
The contents of this seminar are summarized in the latest our paper [8].
[1] Y. Akaishi and T. Yamazaki, Phys. Rev. C65, 044005 (2002).
[2] T. Suzuki et al., PL B 597, 263 (2004); M. Agnello et al., PRL 94, 211303 (2005).
[3] N. V. Shevchenko, A. Gal, and J. Mares, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 082301 (2007).
Y. Ikeda and T. Sato, Phys. Rev. C76, 035203 (2007).
[4] T. Yamazaki and Y. Akaishi, Phys. Rev. C76, 045201 (2007).
[5] A. Dote, T. Hyodo and W. Weise, Nucl. Phys. A804, 197 (2008).
[6] T. Hyodo and W. Weise, Phys. Rev. C77, 035204 (2008).
[7] T. Yamazaki et al., arXiv:0810.5182 [nucl-ex], proceedings of EXA'08.
[8] A. Dote, T. Hyodo and W. Weise, Phys. Rev. C79, 014003 (2009).
contact
bw@^ q(Yoshiko Enyo 7029)
note
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HPQƁFhttp://www.yukawa.kyoto-u.ac.jp/contents/seminar/detail.php?SNUM=50724

##### GCOEZ~i[
title
Enzyme Mediated Membrane Restructuring: An Interplay Between PLA2 Activity And Membrane Organization
author
Assistant Professor Chad LeidyiDepartment of Physics, Universidad de los Andes, Bogota, Colombiaj
date
2008N121ijj16:00
place
w5ف@5K@4u(525)
abstract
The hydrolytic activity of phospholipase A2 is only triggered at the interface between water and the membrane surface. This hydrolytic process involves the breakdown of phospholipids to produce free fatty acids and lysolipids. PLA2 hydrolysis generates a steady modification of lipid composition that strongly influences membrane structure and organization. For this reason, this enzyme is considered to act as a membrane-restructuring agent. In addition, several physical aspects of the membrane, such as domain formation and lipid phase behavior, may increase enzyme activity by reducing the level of lipid packing, making the physical state of the membrane the main regulator of enzyme activity. The interplay between the physical properties of the membrane and PLA2 activity results in several interesting traits such as directed membrane restructuring, triggering and inhibition of enzyme activity, and enzyme mediated modulation of membrane rigidity. We explore several of these aspects in model and cell membranes and relate the findings to physiologically relevant processes such as bacterial resistance to antimicrobial activity and platelet clotting.
contact
g iKenichi Yoshikawa)
yoshikaw@scphys.kyoto-u.ac.jp, ext.3812
note

##### Global COE kb
title
Knowledge of Knowledge: Widely Interdisciplinary Research
author
Professor Piet Hut (vXgj
date
2009N115i؁jߌ4|6
place
bw@pi\jbNی𗬃z[
abstract
Many of the most interesting problems in current scientific research require interdisciplinary collaborations, spanning a large number of disciplines. From cognitive science and systems biology to environmental studies and challenges like critical evaluations of alternative medicine, we need teams of specialists to talk and work together. However, differences in culture and methodology provide significant barriers for broadly interdisciplinary collaborations. Each discipline has its own approach to knowledge, but because this knowledge is shared within the discipline, most researchers are not aware of the hidden assumptions involved. It is a kind of tacit knowledge, something you learn as a student, without any specific discussion or critical analysis. What is needed for broadly interdisciplinary studies is not only an increase in knowlege, but rather a focus on knowlege of knowledge. What do we know about the limits of how we know? This is the central question that will be addressed in this lecture.
contact
d@TiShin Mineshige, shm@kusastro.kyoto-u.ac.jp, ext.3901j
note

##### Global COE kb
title
Low Energy Constants of the Chiral Perturbation Theory from the QCD instanton vacuum model
author
Mirzayusuf Musakhanov (Uzbekistan National University)
date
2009N114ijߌ4
place
sw bw LOفEc Y206
abstract
In the framework of the instanton vacuum model it was derived the partition function for the light quarks. We make expansion over the current mass $m$ and number of colors $N_c$ and evaluate ${\cal O}(1/N_c, m, m/N_c, m/N_c\,\ln m)$-corrections to the dynamical quark mass $M$, the quark condensate $\langle\bar{q}q\rangle$, the pion mass $M_\pi$ and decay constant $F_\pi$. There are several sources of these corrections: meson loops, finite size of the instanton distribution and the quark-quark "tensor" interaction terms. In contrast to the expectations, we found that numerically the $1/N_c$-corrections to dynamical mass are large and mostly come from meson loops. As a consequence, we have large $1/N_c$-corrections to all the other quantities. To provide the values of $F_\pi(m=0), \langle\bar{q}q(m=0)\rangle$ in agreement with ChPT, we offer a new set of parameters - average instanton size $\rho$ and average inter-instanton distance $R$. Finally, we find the ChPT SU(2)$_f$ low-energy constants $\bar{l}_3, \bar{l}_4$ in a good correspondence with the phenomenology and lattice results.
contact
bw@吼 (7012)
note
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##### GCOEE WuiF j
title
title
Thermal inflation, gravitational waves, baryogenesis and dark matter: a theory for a quarter of the history of the universe
author
Professor Ewan D. Stewart iKAIST, Koreaj
date
2008N1222(), 10:30|12:00, 13:30|15:00
2008N1224(), 10:30|12:00
2009N 1 6(), 10:30|12:00
abstract
I show how the simple extension of the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model $W = \lambda_u Q H_u \bar{u} + \lambda_d Q H_d \bar{d} + \lambda_e L H_d \bar{e} + \frac{1}{2} \lambda_\nu \left( L H_u \right)^2 + \lambda_\mu \phi^2 H_u H_d + \lambda_\chi \phi \chi \bar\chi$ gives rise to neutrino masses, the MSSM $\mu$-term, an axion solving the strong CP problem, thermal inflation solving the moduli and gravitino problems, a gravitational wave background potentially observable by DECIGO, baryogenesis, and dark matter.
contact
bw c M_ (Takahiro Tanaka, ext.7018, tanaka@yukawa.kyoto-u.ac.jp)
note
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Schedule:
Dec.22 10:30-: seminar briefly covering everything.
13:30-: informal lecture on thermal inflation and gravitational waves.
Dec.24 10:30-: informal lecture on thermal inflation, baryogenesis and dark matter.
Jan. 6 10:30-: informal lecture on numerical simulations of thermal inflation baryogenesis.

##### Global COE kb
title
Lecture on Non-LTE Radiative Transfer (Basics)
author
Professor Kim Kap-Sung (b)
iKyung Hee University, Koreaj
date
2008N12 5ijj15:00|16:00, 16:10|17:10
2008N1212ijj15:00|16:00, 16:10|17:10
2008N1219ijj15:00|16:00, 16:10|17:10
place
Fw(S)@TKc
abstract
This lecture on the radiative transfer problem of solar atmosphere has following contents; 1) The Radiation Field, 2) Radiation Transfer, 3) Emission and Absorption, 4) The Non LTE Rate Equation, 5) Numerical Method for Non LTE Radiation Transfer, 6) Summary Numerical methods and software techniques applied in solar study are demonstrated through computer practices using the C++ language. Following problems are solved in the practices; a) Statistical equilibrium of model atoms, such as H, Ca, Na and etc. b) Radiation transfer in model atmospheres.
contact
{@iKiyoshi Ichimoto, ichimoto@kwasan.kyoto-u.ac.jp@E0578-86-2311ˁj
{@S (Yuki Hashimoto, hasimoto@kwasan.kyoto-u.ac.jp E3906)
note

##### Global COE seminar
title
Polymer systems with oscillating mechanical behavio
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author
Professor Valentina Vasilevskaya (oeB[iEVtXJ)
(Nesmeyanov Institute of Organoelement Compounds Russian Academy of Sciences)
date
2008 N123 () 10:30-12:00 a.m.
place
wȂTقTQTiSuj
abstract
hQ̍ł傫ȓF́Ȃ̐ϑ]ڂɂ܂B Qɂ̐ϑ]ڂDusekmPattersonmɂė_I \AcLꔎmɂĎIɎꂽ(1979N)Ƃ炫ɁA Ƃ鍂qQŊϑĂ܂B ̌AqQ̕q݌vɊÂɂāA܂܂ȓ QoƂ\ƂȂAoCIeNmW[ẅȂǂڂW߂Ă܂B uEkbł́AVtXJ̖LxȌoɁAqQɂƂǂ܂炸A ̑̍q\]ڂ̎◝_Ȃǂ̕LeɂĐG\łB
contact
g@ (wȂT230,3812
note

##### Global COE seminar
title
Blackfolds
author
Professor Roberto Emparan@(Universitat de Barcelona, Spainj
date
2008 N1125 () 13:30-15:00 a.m.
place
bw@K206
abstract
The dynamics of black holes in higher dimensions is turning out to be much richer than in four dimensions, and new tools are required in order to analyze them. An important new feature of higher-dimensional black holes is that their horizons can have two characteristic lengths of very different size. I will describe an approach that captures their dynamics at scales much larger than the short scale. This approach reveals several new kinds of black holes.
contact
cM_ (tanaka@yukawa.kyoto-u.ac.jp)
O (shiromizu@tap.scphys.kyoto-u.ac.jp)
note

##### Special lecture at the Physics Department of Kyoto University
title
Complex Networks: From the WWW to the cell
author
Professor Laszlo Barabasi
(Center for Complex Network Research, Northeastern University and Department of Medicine, Harvard University, USA)
date
2008 N1117 () 10:00-11:30
place
swuŗفvz[
abstract
Systems as diverse as the world wide web, Internet or the cell are described by highly interconnected networks with amazingly complex topology. Recent studies indicate that these complex networks are the result of self-organizing processes governed by simple but generic laws, resulting in architectural features that appear to be universal. My goal is to discuss the amazing order characterizing our interconnected work, and their implications to network behavior and robustness.
contact
swC͊wC{
(Shigeru Shinomoto, ext. 3778)
note
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Q]͉̎̕Q\𑗕tF kim@ton.scphys.kyoto-u.ac.jp
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##### Yukawa Institute, Kyoto GCOEEZ~i[iFjASTROPHYSICS SEMINAR
title
Shaping globular clusters
author
Douglas Heggie (University of Edinburgh, UK)
date
2008 N116 () 3:00 p.m. (November 6, Thursday)
place
swbw EcK206
abstract
Globular star clusters have a wide range of surface brightness profiles, ranging from classic King-type profiles all the way to highly concentrated profiles with a vanishing core radius. In this seminar I discuss the various mechanisms which could account for this variety, including the behaviour of intermediate-mass black holes, blackhole binaries, neutron star binaries, and mere accidents of birth and upbringing. I focus on two particularly well studied examples: M4 and NGC 6397.
contact
bw d(Shigehiro Nagataki, ext.7019)
note
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uՐƑna㕨wv̋Âōs܂B

##### p[~ikbj
title
uAstronomy in Virtual Worlds: from meetings to collaborations to simulationsv
(o[[h̓VwF狤AV~[Vցj
author
Professor Piet HutiInstitute for Advance Study, Princetonj
date
Date and Time: Sep. 25 (THU), 2008, 14:00 - 15:00)
place
bw@K206 (K206m2Fn, Yukawa Institute for Theoretical Physics)
abstract
A group of astronomers has established a virtual astronomy institute in Second Life, a 3D on-line virtual world where astronomers worldwide can meet -- all you need is a laptop and an internet connection. The institute is called the Meta Institute for Computational Astrophysics, MICA for short (http://www.mica-vw.org/). We are using MICA for lectures and workshops, and most recently also for visualizing simulations, by reprogramming the physics engines of some virtual worlds, like OpenSim.
contact
d@TiShin Mineshige, shm@kusastro.kyoto-u.ac.jp, ext.3901j
note

##### Yukawa Institute, Kyoto GCOEERLE : GCOE/Yukawa Institute Colloquium
title
Successful Letters in Physical Review Letters: An editor's perspective
author
Manolis Antonoyiannakis (American Physical Society)
date
2008 N9 25 () 4:00 p.m. (Steptember 25, Thursday)
place
swbw LOPanasonic ی𗬃z[Y110
Panasonic Auditorium, Yukawa Hall, YITP, Kyoto University
abstract
A successful scientific paper relies critically on (a) the quality of the "raw" material provided by the authors, (b) the referees, and (c) the editorial decisions guiding the review process. Clearly, these three factors are interrelated, and authors can actually inuence items (b) and (c) by attending to (a), as well as by adhering to some simple rules of common sense, on which I will elaborate in this talk. I will also provide some history from the Prst 50 years of PRL, with emphasis on lessons from the past that are of relevance today, and on the current and future developments in the journal and in the American Physical Society (APS).
Some pertinent questions:
- How can authors contribute towards a timely and (hopefully) accurate review process of their papers?
- How are referees chosen, and what is expected of them? Referee statistics patterns. APS Outstanding
Referees.
- What are the challenges an editor faces? What are the operating constraints?
- Why and when it makes sense for an editor to reject a manuscript without external review.
- Are there cultural, ethnic, geographical, or other types of bias in the review process? Can we tell?
- Life after publication: New material and services by APS to highlight the very best papers.
- Can we measure the full impact of a journal? How? Can we rank journals based on such a metric?
- Does it make sense for authors to decide which journal to submit their best work to by comparing journal impact factors?
- Raising the bar: Should PRL publish fewer papers?
contact

note
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@ uՐƑna㕨wv̋Âōs܂B

##### Yukawa Institute, Kyoto GCOE Seminar @EGCOEZ~i[
title
Liquid Inspection with Reflection Terahertz Time Domain Spectroscopy
author
Uffe Moller iTechnical University of Denmark@mے2Nj
date
2008N@911iؗjj@14:00|15:00
( Date and Time: Sep. 11 (THU), 2008, 14:00 - 15:00 )@
place
w5ف@4K413
( Place : Room 413 , Faculty of Science Building 5, Fourth Floor )
abstract
The terahertz region bridges the gap in the electromagnetic spectrum covering the frequency range between radio waves and infrared light and it. This spectral range, broadly defined as 0.1-10 THz, gives, for one thing, information about intermolecular interactions, e.g. hydrogen bonds to surrounding molecules. Since its breakthrough about 20 years ago, THz Time Domain Spectroscopy (THz-TDS) has found many applications in a wide range of fields such as fundamental physics, chemistry and biology as well as more practical applications including the fields of pharmaceutics and security.
In this talk , I will give a brief introduction to THz-TDS. I will illustrate how Reflection THz-TDS can be used for inspection of liquids in commercial plastic and glass bottles. I will demonstrate that it is possible to determine the alcohol content of a liquid, and that liquids can be classified as either harmless or inflammable. The method operates in reflection mode with the result that liquids opaque to THz radiation can be characterized with little influence of the bottle shape. The method works with plastic bottles as well as glass bottles, with absorption of THz radiation by the plastic or the glass being the limiting factor. The reflection mode allows for automatic control of the validity of the measurement. The method will be useful in liquid scanning systems at security checkpoints.
contact
ckYiKouichiro Tanaka,@ext,3756j
note
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